DOI: 
10.22389/0016-7126-2019-943-1-76-83
1 Romanova O.S.
2 Lazebnik O.A.
3 Khropov A.G.
Year: 
№: 
943
Pages: 
76-83

S.I.Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology, RAS

1, 

Saint Petersburg State university

2, 

Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences

3, 
Abstract:
The article is devoted to Chukotka expedition of 1868–1870 to the North-East of Russia under the leadership of G. L. Maydell, the official for special missions of the Eastern Siberia General Directorate, and is presented in connection with the 150th anniversary of its beginning. Along with administrative and management objectives the expedition was entrusted with a task of the Imperial Academy of Sciences and the Imperial Russian Geographical Society to conduct scientific observations and collect geographical data. The longest part of the expedition route passed through the territory of the Yakutsk province (oblast’), thus the bulk of scientific results concerns just to this region. Topographic, geodetic, and cartographic works performed during the expedition by G. L. Maydell, surveyor P. Afanasyev, and astronomer K. Neumann, as well as an in-depth analysis of maps published by Military Topographic Department of the General Staff for this area before, made it possible for G. L. Maydell to compile maps of the Atlas published by the Academy of Sciences as part of the expedition records. The maps of this Atlas are characterized and the methods are regarded of their compilation and original features. It is suggested that G. L. Maydell, being familiar with the advanced works by P. A. Kropotkin and E. A. Koversky, used some of their techniques to confirm the reliability and accuracy of the Yakutsk province (oblast’) map. The uniqueness and scientThe uniqueness and scientific significance of G. L. Maydell’s cartographic works are confirmed by the fact that the map of the Yakutsk province (oblast’), published in the Atlas of 1896, was recognized as the only relatively complete and accurate cartographic depiction of the area during nearly three following decades.
This study was conducted with the support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Project No. 17-03-00840).
References: 
1.   Generalnaya karta Aziatskoy Rossii po noveyshemu razdeleniyu na gubernii, oblasti i primorskiye upravleniya s pokazaniyem puti rossiyskikh morekhodov. Sochinena Korpusa voyennykh topografov poruchikom F.I.Poznyakovym i izdana Voyenno-Topograficheskim depo. - Sankt-Peterburg, - 1825.
2.   General'naya karta Vostochnoj Sibiri, sostavlennaya pri shtabe Vostochno-Sibirskogo Voennogo okruga v 1855 g., ispravlennaya i dopolnennaya v 1861 g. .
3.   Glazenap S. P. Katalog astronomicheskih punktov, lezhashchih v predelah Yakutskoj ASSR v trjoh chastyah. - L.: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, - 1934.
4.   Karta Aziatskoj Rossii s prilegajushchimi k nej vladeniyami. Sostavlena i izdana Voenno-topograficheskim otdelom. – 8 l. - СПб., - 1884.
5.   Kartogr. zavedenie A. Il'ina Karta Vostochnoj Sibiri s pokazaniem jekspeditsij, sovershjonnyh s otkrytiya Sibirskogo otdela Imperatorskogo russkogo geograficheskogo obshchestva s 1851 po 1876 gg. – 1 l. / Sost. Je. A. Koverskij. - Sankt-Peterburg: Kartografi cheskoe zavedenie A. Il’ina, - 1877.
6.   Koverskij Je. A. Chem raspolagaem my dlya izucheniya topografii nashej territorii v Azii, i kakie rezul'taty dostignuty po jetoj chasti? S pril. «Otchjotnaya karta astronomicheskih, geodezicheskih i topograficheskih rabot, proizvedjonnyh v Aziatskoj Rossii po 1890 god. Ezhegodnik IRGO, - Vol. II. - SPb., - 1892. - pp. 1–55.
7.   Kropotkin P. A. Otchjot ob Olekminsko-Vitimskoj jekspeditsii. / [Sochinenie] P. Kropotkina i I. Polyakova.Zapiski IRGO po obshchej geografii dlya otyskaniya skotoprogonnogo puti iz Nerchinskogo okruga v Olekminskij, snaryazhjonnoj v 1866 godu olekminskimi zolotopromyshlennikami, pri sodejstvii Sibirskogo otdela Geograficheskogo obshchestva, - 3 - SPb.: Tipografiya V. Bezobrazova i Komp., - 1873. - 636 p.
8.   Lazebnik O. A., Romanova O. S. G. L. Majdel' i ego vklad v kartografirovanie severo-vostoka Rossii v XIX v.. Vestnik SPbGU. Seriya 7. Geologiya. Geografiya, - No 3. - 2008. - pp. 125–133.
9.   Majdel' G. L. Puteshestvie po severo-vostochnoj chasti Yakutskoj oblasti v 1868–1870 gg. V 2 tomah. - Vol. 2. - SPb.: Tipografiya Imperatorskoj Akademii nauk, - 1894. - 599 p.
10.   Otchjot o dejstviyah Sibirskogo otdela za 1852–1853 god. Zapiski Sibirskogo otdela Imperatorskogo Russkogo geograficheskogo obshchestva. V 2 knigah. – Kn. II, - SPb.: Tipografiya Jeduarda Pratsa, - 1856. - 144 p.
11.   Postnikov A. V. Sluzhba P. A. Kropotkina v Amurskom kazach’yem voyske i yego kartografi cheskiye raboty s ispol’zovaniyem dannykh, poluchennykh ot predstaviteley korennykh narodnostey (1862–1867 gody). Region v pogranichnom prostranstve. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii (Chita, 9 sentyabrya 2016 goda). V 2 chastyah. Chast’ I, - Chita: Zabaykalskiy gosugarstvennyi universitet, - 2016. - pp. 23-30.
12.   Shvetsov P. F., Sedov V. P. Gigantskie naledi i podzemnye vody hrebta Tas-Hayahtah. - M.–L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, - 1941. - 82 p.
13.   Lazebnik O. A., Romanova O. S. (2018) G. L. Mydel’s Chukotskaya Expedition (1868–1870) and the Atlas of the Yakutskaya oblast’, Siberia. Imago Mundi, 70, ID: 1450558. Volume 02, pp. 229–236, DOI: 10.1080/03085694.2018.1450558.
14.   Maydell G. L. (1896) Reisen und Forschungen im Jakutischen Gebiet Ostsibiriens in den Jahren 1861–1871. St. Petersburg. Bd. 1, 1893. Bd. 2, 1896. Bd. 2, Atlas.
15.   Romanova O. S., Lazebnik O. A. (2007) Cartographic Results of G. L. Majdel’s Expedition in The Yakut Province in 1868–1870. XXIII International Cartographic Conference. Moscow. pp. 316–317,
16.   Tammiksaar E. (2013) Gerhard Baron von Maydell (1835–1894) und die Bedeutung seiner Forschungen in Nordost-Sibirien. Reisen an den Rand des Russischen Reiches: Die wissenschaftliche Erschließung der nordpazifi schen Küstengebiete im 18. und 19. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258770299_Gerhard_Baron_von_Maydell_1835-1894_und_die_Bedeutung_seiner_Forschungen_in_Nordost-Sibirien . Jahrhundert. – Fürstenberg / Havel, pp. 243-467,
Citation:
Romanova O.S., 
Lazebnik O.A., 
Khropov A.G., 
(2019) Kartografirovanie Yakutskoj oblasti vo vtoroj polovine XIX veka: k 150-letiju Chukotskoj jekspeditsii G. L. Majdelya [Mapping the Yakutsk province (oblast’) in the second half of the 19th century: to the 150th anniversary of G. L. Maydell’s Chukotka expedition]. Geodesy and Cartography = Geodezija i kartografija, 80, 1, pp. 76-83. (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2019-943-1-76-83
ARTICLE
Received: 27.07.2018
Accepted: 29.11.2018
Published: 20.02.2019

Content

2019 January DOI:
10.22389/0016-7126-2019-943-1

QR-code page

QR-код страницы