Monograph called «Protection of soils and lands»  taking into account different aspects of such activities is analyzed in the paper. The importance and possibility to apply methods of cartography in decisionmaking process are shown. Concepts and terms have been specified. Classification of maps according to different functional assignments has been offered. Special attention has been drawn to making regional maps and to maps of dynamics of changes of condition of soils and lands. Cadastral and land use planning acts have been examined in terms of protection soils and lands it is important to classify legal acts under the condition of possible measures to protect soils and lands. Problems of standard quality of soils and lands have been investigated. As a result it has been stated that spreading of cartography methods allows solving current tasks of protection of soils and lands more effectively.