Theoretical basic of geoecological cartography from position of various approaches has been analyzed. The assessment of geoecological cartography achievements was made. These achievements include creation maps, developing methods of map-making and training the specialists. In order to develop this field a number of measures are proposed. Integration of various positions in single theory; improvement of mapmaking techniques used for maps of stability and dynamics of ecosystems are among them. In order to improve map preciseness and boost their practical importance it is necessary to make a fast transit to quantitative indicators and create more geoecological maps based on ecosystem.