A lot of fundamental data about the Earth, planets and their moons was obtained from space imagery and remote sensing by space probes. It should be mentioned that Soviet space missions played a major role in space research. MIIGAiK experts have been participating in those programs since 1957, particularly, via developing optical systems and techniques for space image processing. Due to the secrecy of the Soviet space program, many materials have not been published, and some of them were lost over the years. Original photographs, telemetry data, working plans and schemas, surface panoramas, as well as the filming systems themselves are among them. Interest in space exploration has increased again in our country due to the preparation of new Russian missions to the Moon. In order to preserve these unique geodetic and cartographic data - the cultural heritage that represents the history of space exploration – the authors propose to create a digital collection based on the materials of the museum exposition «Space imagery», recently organized at the MIIGAiK Educational and Historical Centre. In addition, planetary database, infrastructure and software created in MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial laboratory (MExLab) will be used. The digital museum collection, developed as a pilot project on the history of studying of the Earth, the Moon and other planets by geodetic and cartographic methods, will be further expanded with exhibits from other museum expositions. Therefore it is planned to create an interactive museum with web access that will be a useful tool not only for researchers, but also used as educational material for a wide range of users interested in space exploration.