The development of modern space technologies at the end of the last century resulted in emergence of new methods for studying forests. Those methods are based on satellite imagery. The accumulated experience has allowed developing a methodological base for recognition forests with a view to implementation of modern methods of forest taxation deciphering. They are centered around dependencies of the spectral characteristics of plantations with taxation indicators. Despite significant progress in this direction, the technologies for determining the silvicultural and taxation characteristics of forests has not yet fully developed. This trend is explained by the regional specificity of the location of forest areas, the insufficient theoretical base, which takes into consideration local changes in forests. The use of modern technologies of forest taxation deciphering would solve the problem of updating silvicultural data using satellite imagery, obtaining information on hard-to-reach forest areas, as well as provide an opportunity to implement systems for monitoring and assessing the effects of anthropogenic and natural impacts on forests.