The aim of this work - experimental substantiation of the benefits of optical image processing above computer in the case of weak images. Radiography is one of the most effective methods of controlling the fuel elements. X-rays pass through the object under investigation and cause a greater or lesser darkening of the film exerted on the opposite side. The visual analysis radiograph to identify all elements of. If you improve the recognizability of the layers and the boundaries between them, for example, pseudocolor encoding, it will be possible to increase the information content of the control. Pseudocolor coding may be an optical or computer. This solves the problem of encoding the selected image fragment with similar brightness (in the case of monochrome images) or colors (for color images). In this paper experimentally compares the possibilities of optical, computer and computer-integrated optical method of image enhancement. As the object of study chosen black and white X-ray microfuel.- The object of the study was a black-and-white X-ray microTVEL. Xray analysis was carried out in four ways. In the first case, the radiograph was light in a standard way, the protective layer of zirconium is not visible. In the second case, X-ray was illuminated at an angle of 30 degrees. In this case, the third layer of zirconium was seen. In the third case, the primary X-ray treated using FemtoScan computer program. Third zirconium layer is not visible. In the fourth case it is applied consistently optical and computer processing of radiographs.Clearly visible the third layer of zirconium. In the case of weak image analysis application FemtoScan computer program does not allow to identify the external zirconia layer. It should be a joint use of two methods - optical and computer. It is most effective.