Cartography and geoinformatics
There has been defined the content of geoinformational discourse in forward-looking and breaking-through thinking as a factor providing the leadership in research and development, high rate of obtaining new knowledge and innovative products. The role of scientific and engineering intuition is revealed, the principles of breaking-through thinking in obtaining knowledge in the sphere of geocognitive technologies are formulated. It is shown that breaking-through thinking is realized on the basis of hard- and software systems, providing data collection from heterogeneous sources, data processing and clustering automation, data base formation with distributed data access. Suggested is the notion of forward-looking thinking system as inseparable set of methodical procedures, logical schemes of analysis and supposed technological solutions, which is not yet realized in scientific research and educational processes and is aimed at the quickest elaboration of new knowledge. Introduced and determined are: the new term "geocognitive technology", as a particular case of cognitive informative technologies, reflecting the peculiarities of geospatial data use in digital economy; also the new term "agrogeomatics" formed by the combination of the known term "geomatics"and the prefix "agro", denoting new cluster, combining methods and data of agroindustrial production and geospatial activity. Formulated is the principle of forward-looking scientific thinking in geospatial discourse, the essence of which is the transfer of geospatial activity from informational functionality level to analytical functionality level, based on formation of spatial knowledge of territory and intellectualization of innovative geospatial solutions for rational use of all kinds of territorial resources. It is shown that technical and geotechnological solutions should be complemented by mathematical modelling of limiting factors, the priorities be determined by the hierarchy analysis method of competent experts views. The application of aforementioned thinking types is highlighted by the materials of biological geospatial investigations.
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