The article considers theoretical positions of efficiency and effect from state cadastral registration of zones with special territory use conditions. The concepts of efficiency and effect are considered, the goals are indicated, as well as a group of indicators applied to zones with special territory use conditions. The article deals with the concepts of lost profits and real damage. The authors of the article note the necessity of systemic character in the state cadastral registration of zones with special territory use conditions, as well as proper financing of such works. The authors conclude that the strategic approach to decision-making in land administration should be somewhat different. At the same time, the key directions in the formation of effective use of agricultural land with regard to special conditions are: zoning of agricultural land with the allocation of zones by the degree and nature of the impact on agricultural production, the formation of zones with special conditions for use of inter-settlement territories and territorial zones in populated areas and so on.