UDC: 
DOI: 
10.22389/0016-7126-2019-947-5-54-62
1 Bogdanova M.D.
2 Gerasimova M.I.
3 Snytko V.A.
Year: 
№: 
947
Pages: 
54-62

Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU)

1, 
2, 

S.I.Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology, RAS

3, 
Abstract:
Professor Maria Glazovskaya (1912–2016) – an outstanding geographer, geochemist and soil scientist, made a prominent contribution to the formation and development of several aspects of thematic mapping both in conceptual and methodological issues. These aspects, namely, soil, landscape- and soil-geochemical, as well as ecological mapping, were derived from the knowledge on soils combined with the concepts of geochemical migrations facilities for certain chemical elements in soils and landscapes. Methodology of compilation of such maps presumes purposeful interpretation of diverse soil and landscape features, their expert evaluation and forecast of response reactions of soils and landscapes to certain technogenic loads. Maria Glazovskaya proposed innovative approaches to thematic mapping enabling her to compile original maps. She introduced the principle of “prognostic information capacity of natural factors”, which means that properties of landscape components contain information appropriate for evaluating the resilience of natural systems. The ideas and methods proposed by Maria Glazovskaya are now implemented in basic and applied thematic mapping.
References: 
1.   Bogdanova M.D., Gavrilova I.P., Gerasimova M.I. Melkomasshtabnoe pochvenno-geohimicheskoe kartografirovanie. M.: APR, 2008, 168 p.
2.   Bogdanova M. D., Gerasimova M. I. Landshaftno-geohimicheskoe i pochvenno-geohimicheskoe kartografi rovanie: istoki i sovremennoe sostoyanie. Sbornik statej Geohimiya landshaftov. K 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Aleksandra Il’icha Perel’mana. Pod redakciej N. S. Kasimova, A. N. Gennadieva. Moskva: APR, 2017, pp. 51-66. (accessed: 14.06.2019).
3.   Bogdanova M.D., Gerasimova M.I. (2016) Soil-ecological maps in national atlases. Geodezia i Kartografia, (6), pp. 27-34. (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2016-912-6-27-34.
4.   Glazovskaya M. A. Tehnobiogeomy – ishodnye fiziko-geograficheskie ob#ekty landshaftno-geohimicheskogo prognozirovaniya. Vestnik Mosk. un-ta. Seriya 5: Geografiya, 1972, no. 6, pp. 23–35.
5.   Glazovskaya M. A. Landshaftno-geohimicheskoe rajonirovanie Nechernozjomnoj zony po usloviyam razlozheniya i rasseyaniya organicheskih zagryaznyajushchih veshchestv. Vestnik Mosk. un-ta. Seriya 5: Geografiya, 1979, no. 2, pp. 10–18.
6.   Glazovskaya M. A. Prikladnoe i obshchee (bazovoe) landshaftno-geohimicheskoe rajonirovanie. Voprosy geografii. Landshaftno-geohimicheskoe rajonirovanie i ohrana sredy. Sb. 120, Moskva: Mysl', 1983, pp. 11–19.
7.   Glazovskaya M. A. Geohimicheskie landshafty mira: kontseptsiya i printsipy kartografirovaniya. Izv. RAN. Seriya geograf, 1989, no. 5, pp. 25–33.
8.   Glazovskaya M. A. Pochvenno-geohimicheskoe kartografirovanie dlya otsenki jekologicheskoj ustojchivosti sredy. Pochvovedenie, 1992, no. 6, pp. 5–14.
9.   Glazovskaya M. A. Opyt sostavleniya landshaftno- geohimicheskoj karty mira kak osnovy jekologo-geohimicheskogo kartografirovaniya i prognozirovaniya. Geografiya i prirodnye resursy, 1993, no. 1, pp. 5–10.
10.   Glazovskaya M. A. Metodologicheskie osnovy otsenki jekologo-geohimicheskoj ustojchivosti pochv k tehnogennym vozdejstviyam: Metodicheskoe posobie. Moskva: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1997, 102 p.
11.   Glazovskaya M. A. Geohimicheskie osnovy tipologii i metodiki issledovanij prirodnyh landshaftov. – 2-e izd. Smolensk: Ojkumena, 2002, 288 p.
12.   Glazovskaya M. A. Geohimiya prirodnyh i tehnogennyh landshaftov (Landshaftno-geohimicheskie protsessy): Ucheb. posobie. Moskva: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 2007, 350 p.
13.   Glazovskaya M. A., Makunina A. A., Pavlenko I. A., Bozhko M. G., Gavrilova I. P. Geohimiya landshaftov i poiski poleznyh iskopaemyh na Juzhnom Urale. Moskva: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1961, 182 p.
14.   Glazovskaya M. A., Pikovskij Ju. I., Korontsevich T. I. Kompleksnoe rajonirovanie territorij SSSR po tipam vozmozhnyh izmenenij prirodnoj sredy pri neftedobyche. Voprosy geografii. Landshaftno-geohimicheskoe rajonirovanie i ohrana sredy. Sb. 120, Moskva: Mysl', 1983, pp. 84–108.
15.   Glazovskaya M. A., Gavrilova I. P., Solntseva N. P. Pochvenno-geohimicheskie karty i ih ispol'zovanie v prirodoohrannyh tselyah. Geografiya i kartografiya pochv, Moskva: Nauka, 1983, pp. 81–92.
16.   Glazovskaya M. A., Solntseva N. P. Teoriya i metody geohimii landshaftov v prilozhenii k otsenke sostoyaniya i kartografii zagryaznennyh territorij. Ispol'zovanie geohimicheskih metodov pri izuchenii zagryazneniya okruzhajushchej sredy. Moskva: IMGRJe, 1984, pp. 8–17.
17.   Kasimov N. S. Jekogeohimiya landshaftov. M: IP Filimonov M. V., 2013, 208 p.
18.   Natsional'nyi atlas Rossii. T. 2. Priroda. Ekologiya. Moskva: PKO «Kartografiya», 2007, V 4-kh tomakh. Vol. 2, 496 p.
19.   Pochvennaya karta mira. Masshtab 1 : 15 000 000. Sost. M. A. Glazovskaya, V. M. Fridland. Moskva: GUGK, 1982,
20.   Tikunov V. S., Yanvareva L. F. Ekologo-geografi cheskoye kartografi rovaniye: ponyatiya, metodika, tekhnologiya. Geografi ya i prirodnyye resursy, 1995, no. 4, pp. 10-18. (accessed: 14.06.2019).
21.   Fiziko-geograficheskij atlas mira. Moskva: Izd-vo AN SSSR– GUGK, 1964, 298 p.
22.   Ekologicheskij atlas Rossii. 2-e izdanie. Moskva: Feoriya, 2017, 510 p.
23.   (1991) Mapping of Soil and Terrain Vulnerability to Specified Chemical Compounds in Europe at a Scale of 1: 5 M. Eds. N. H. Batjes, E. M. Bridges, Wageningen, ISRIC. 177 p.
24.   (1998) Resources and Environment World Atlas. Moscow-Vienna.
25.   Soil Map of the World at 1 : 5 000 000. FAO/UNESCO, Paris. pp. 1971-1981.
Citation:
Bogdanova M.D., 
Gerasimova M.I., 
Snytko V.A., 
(2019) Traditional approaches and new ideas of Maria Glazovskaya in thematic mapping. Geodesy and cartography = Geodezia i Kartografia, 80(5), pp. 54-62. (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2019-947-5-54-62
Publication History
Received: 19.10.2018
Accepted: 31.01.2019
Published: 20.06.2019

Content

2019 May DOI:
10.22389/0016-7126-2019-947-5

QR-code page

QR-код страницы