1 Prelovskiy V.A.
2 Sedykh S.A.

Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS

The Baikal region covers the territory of the south of Eastern Siberia and the northern part of Mongolia. Among the main anthropogenic ones that play the leading role in the transformation of the region’s animal population structure are overgrazing, plowing of fields, fires, invasions of alien species of animals, overhunting and chemical pollution. For ichthyocenosis, the determining factors of transformation are: permanency of river flow, chemical pollution of water bodies and high exploitation intensity. The disturbance of zoocenoses is clearly correlated with the intensity of human economic activity. The basis of the evaluation map was the “Vegetation map” at scale of 1: 5 000 000. The map “Violation of the animal world” at scale of 1 : 5 000 000 includes 750 plots in the main layer belonging to 4 classes and 2 subclasses of faunal complexes disturbance, which completely shows the current state of vertebrate animal communities and the degree of their degradation. The thematic layer of the fauna complex disturbance was created on the basic cartographic data and the thematic layer of vegetation and satellite images for 1998–2017, as well as statistical data on fires, deforestation, industrial sites and mining sites. The legend of the map reflects four degrees of aboriginal faunal complexes disturbance and three degrees of that of ichthyocenosis. Basing upon the information collected and the map obtained, recommendations can be developed for the protection and saneattitude to wildlife in the Baikal Basin.
1.   Atlas Hanty-Mansijskogo avtonomnogo okruga – YUgry. – T. II. Priroda. Ehkologiya. Otv. red. V.A. Dikunec, T.V. Kotova, V.N. Makeev, V.S. Tikunov. Hanty-Mansijsk – M.: FGUP 439 CEHVKF MO RF, 2004, 2 152 p.
2.   Belov A. V., Lyamkin V. F., Sokolova L. P. Kartograficheskoe izuchenie bioty. Irkutsk: Izd-vo «Oblmashinform», 2002, 160 p.
3.   Vladimirov I. N. Antropogennaya narushennost' i dinamika geosistem Baikal'skoi Sibiri. Priroda Vnutrennei Azii, 2018, no. 1 (6), pp. 19–30. DOI: 10.18101/2542-0623-2018-1-19-30.
4.   Myadzelets A.V. (2016) Mapping of natural and anthropogenic geosystem disturbance of Pribaikalie. Geodezia i Kartografia, (2), pp. 21–29. (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2016-908-2-21-29.
5.   Natsional'nyi atlas Rossii. T. 2. Priroda. Ekologiya. Moskva: PKO «Kartografiya», 2007, V 4-kh tomakh. Vol. 2, 496 p.
6.   Tupikova N. V., Komarova L. V. Printsipy i metody zoologicheskogo kartografirovaniya. Moskva: Izd-vo Moskovskogo un-ta, 1979, 192 p.
7.   Chel'tsov-Bebutov A. M., Chibisova V. V. Zhivotnyi mir i ego resursy. Kompleksnye regional'nye atlasy, Moskva: MGU, 1976, pp. 326–342.
8.   Ekologicheskii atlas Baikal'skogo regiona. Irkutsk: Izd-vo Instituta geografii im. V. B. Sochavy SO RAN, 2017, URL: http://atlas.isc.irk.ru/ (accessed: 17.05.2018).
9.   Ehkologicheskij atlas bassejna ozera Bajkal. Otv. red. A.R. Batuev, L.M. Korytnyj, Zh. Oyuungehrehl, D. Ehnhtajvan. Irkutsk: Izd-vo Instituta geografii im. V. B. Sochavy SO RAN, 2015, 145 p.
10.   Ekologicheskij atlas Rossii. 2-e izdanie. Moskva: Feoriya, 2017, 510 p.
11.   Ekologicheskii atlas Yaroslavskoi oblasti. Yaroslavl': Izd-vo «Kadastr», 2015, 154 p.
12.   Donovan T. M., Jones P. W., Annand E. M., Thompson F. R. (1997) Variation in local-scale edge effects: mechanisms and landscape context. Ecology, no. 78, pp. 2064-2075.
13.   Lens L., Van Dongen S., Norris K., Githiru M., Matthysen E. (2002) Avian persistence in fragmented rainforest. Science, no. 298, pp. 1236-1238. DOI: 10.1126/science.1075664.
14.   Sexton J. O., Noojipady P., Song X.-P., Anand A., McMahon S., Huang C., Feng M., Channan S., Townshend J. R. (2015) A model for the propagation of uncertainty from continuous estimates of tree cover to categorical forest cover and change. Remote Sensing of Environment, no. 156, pp. 418-425.
15.   Sharing Earth Observation Resourses. URL: https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/l/landsat-8-ldcm
16.   Smith J. N. M., Hellmann J. J. (2002) Population persistence in fragmented landscapes. Trends Ecol Evol, no. 17, pp. 397-399. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5347(02)02576-4.
Prelovskiy V.A., 
Sedykh S.A., 
(2019) Mapping the disturbance of the Baikal region fauna. Geodesy and cartography = Geodezia i Kartografia, 80(6), pp. 24-29. (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2019-948-6-24-29
Publication History
Received: 04.06.2018
Accepted: 21.05.2019
Published: 20.07.2019


2019 June DOI: