ISSN 0016-7126 (Print)

ISSN 2587-8492 (Online)

The question of calculating the limiting values of residuals in geodesic constructions is considered in the case when the limiting value for measurement errors is assumed equal to 3m, ie ∆рred = 3m, where m is the mean square error of the measurement. Larger errors are rejected. At present, the limiting value for the residual is calculated by the formula 3m√n, where n is the number of measurements. The article draws attention to two contradictions between theory and practice arising from the use of this formula. First, the formula is derived from the classical law of the normal Gaussian distribution, and it is applied to the truncated law of the normal distribution. And, secondly, as shown in [1], when ∆рred = 2m, the sums of errors naturally take the value equal to ?pred, after which the number of errors in the sum starts anew. This article establishes its validity for ∆рred = 3m. A table of comparative values of the tolerances valid and recommended for more stringent ones is given. The article gives a graph of applied and recommended tolerances for ∆рred = 3m.

References:

1. Salnikov V.I. (2017) Features of accumulation of amounts of measurement error. Geodezia i Kartografia, 78(10), pp. 58-63 . (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2017-928-10-58-63. |

(2018) Limit tolerances for sums of measurement errors. Geodesy and cartography = Geodezia i Kartografia, 79(4), pp. 59-62 . (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2017-934-4-59-62 |