1 Zhurbin I.V.
2 Bazhenova A.I.
3 Milich V.N.
4 Zlobina A.G.

Udmurt Federal Research Center of the UB RAS

Arranging effective state protection of historical and cultural heritage objects requires developing modern methods of identifying archaeological sites and determining their boundaries. To solve this task, an algorithm of interdisciplinary research based on the analysis of multispectral data obtained with unmanned aerial vehicles is proposed. To search for areas of the surface-transformed and substituted cultural layer, it is proposed to use a processing method based on the two-dimensional discrete wavelet transform. Using the Shannon–Kotelnikov wavelet function to study the medieval Kushman settlement of Uchkakar enabled assessing the preservation of the cultural layer in various parts of the settlement. The correctness of the proposed interpretation is confirmed by the data of geophysical studies, soil drilling and materials of archaeological excavations. Complex application of multispectral aerial photography, geophysics and soil investigation made it possible to obtain reliable cartographic information on the boundaries of the archaeological sites and the preservation of their cultural layer in a short time. The effectiveness of the algorithm is that each successive method verifies the previously obtained data and at the same time supplements the information on the archaeological sites.
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Zhurbin I.V., 
Bazhenova A.I., 
Milich V.N., 
Zlobina A.G., 
(2020) Assessing the archaeological sites’ cultural layer preservation by the methods of multi-zone aerial photography, ground-based sounding and cartography. Geodesy and cartography = Geodezia i Kartografia, 81(6), pp. 45-55. (In Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2020-960-6-45-55